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Current Affairs - 22 June 2015

Which Guinness World Record was made as the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi led the country to mark the first International Day of Yoga on 21 June 2015 by doing Yoga at the Rajpath?

  • Yoga-Day-Namo-2015
     Largest number of people doing yoga at one venue
    35,985 people took part in the massive Yoga exercise at the historic Rajpath on 21 June. Apart from this, another Guinness World Record of largest number of foreign nationals in a single yoga lesson was made on the occasion. Nationals from 84 countries were present at the Rajpath as Prime Minister Narendra Modi performed Yoga for 35 minutes with the participants. The huge event was organised to celebrate the first-ever International Yoga Day that was given recognition by the United Nations (UN).

After more than 200 samples from a state were tested positive, the alarm bells of Polio making a comeback in India, rang across the medical fraternity. Which state is this?
  • Polio-India
    Uttar Pradesh
    It is worth mentioning that India was declared Polio-free just a year back. The samples, from Baheri, Meergunj, Faridpur and Nawabgunj and many other tehsils from Uttar Pradesh were sent to the central laboratory in Mumbai for further testing. Officials have also been informed that the children, between the ages of 5 and 15 years, have complained of paralysis and loss of muscular strength in hands and legs. Only if the test report of the stool sample confirms presence of wild polio virus can it be treated as a case of Polio. According to World Health Organisation (WHO) rules, a country needs to have zero recorded cases of an infectious disease for three years for the disease to be eradicated. After years of intense campaigns across the country, India’s last polio case, that of 18-month-old Rukhsar from Howrah district in West Bengal, was reported in 2011. Three years later, the country was declared polio free in 2014. Uttar Pradesh’s last case was reported in 2010 in Firozabad district.

What is the name of the world’s largest cruise ship that made its maiden entry into water in France on 19 June 2015 and is expected to take its maiden voyage in 2016?
  • Harmony-Cruise-2015
     “Harmony of the Seas”
     “Harmony of the Seas” is the name of the mammoth cruise liner of Royal Caribbean that is being constructed since 2013. The ship will carry 6,360 passengers along with 2,100 staff. It weighs 227,000 tons and measures 1,187 feet, which is 50 meters longer than the height of the Eiffel Tower. It is expected to set sail in mid-February on test runs. The first voyage could take place in May 2016 and will be from the United Kingdom to Spain. The second biggest cruise ships are also owned by Royal Caribbean and are named “Allure of the Seas” and “Oasis of the Seas.” Both weigh 225,000 tonnes.

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) recently agreed on the preliminary definitions for the future 5G standard for mobile networking. Accordingly, what will be the typical data speed for a network to qualify for 5G standard?
  • 5G-2015
    Data speed up to 20 Gbps (Gigabits per second)
    It is worth mentioning that the accepted data speed for 4G networks is 1Gbps. This means that to qualify for 5G standard, the telecom networks have to be 20 times faster than 4G standard. In terms of what this means for actual user speeds, customers should receive speeds in the region of 100 to 1000 Mbps, depending on a number of factors. This is anywhere from a 10 to 100 fold increase over typical 4G speed of 10Mbps. As for the formal naming scheme, 5G will be called IMT-2020. IMT-2000 was the name for 3G networks and IMT-Advanced for 4G. A conference in San Diego to decide on the future of data standard was held from 10 June to 18 June 2015.

US State Department listed ISIS as the world’s leading terrorist group in its annual terrorist report that was released on 20 June 2015. According to this report, ISIS overtook which organisation to take the top spot?
  • Al-Qaeda
    The report mentioned that the prominence of the threat posed by core al Qaeda diminished in 2014. On the other hand, unprecedented spread and brutality of ISIS, its strength in recruiting foreign fighters, messaging and its ability inspire lone attacks strengthened its position as the top terrorist organisation. The report disclosed that the number of terrorist attacks in 2014 increased 35% over the previous year, but were more heavily concentrated in a handful of countries. More than 60% of all attacks took place in five countries -Iraq, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India and Nigeria. By a wide margin, the highest number of attacks, fatalities and injuries took place in Iraq, coinciding with the expansion of ISIS.

What is the name of an Indian American scientist who was awarded Russia’s top technology award during June 2015 in honor of his work in the area of energy efficiency?
  • Jayant-Baliga-2015
    B. Jayant Baliga
    Baliga was recognized as the inventor of the insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT), which he developed while working at the General Electrical research & development center in New York in 1983. He was awarded Russia’s top technology award by Russian President Vladimir Putin on 19 June 2015 at St. Petersburg. He now teaches at the North Carolina University as distinguished university professor. He had earned his Bachelor’s in engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Madras in 1969 before arriving in the United States.

Which international airport’s Wi-Fi was declared the fastest in Wi-Fi service in the world recently in a survey conducted by internet speed-test watchdog RottenWifi?
  • Suvarnabhumi Airport, Bangkok
    Suvarnabhumi’s Wi-Fi speed topped all airports at 41.45 mbps, ahead of the airport in Chattanooga, Tennessee, where the speed was measured at 30.99 mbps. Suvarnabhumi provides two hours of Wi-Fi for free after a quick registration. Dublin Airport ranked third with 19.45 mbps followed by Vilnius and Helsinki Airports at 18.04 and 17.46 mbps respectively. RottenWifi, an international internet speed-test watchdog, had conducted this survey in over 130 airports all over the world.

Who won the Austrian F1 Grand Prix on 21 June 2015?
  • Nico Rosberg (Germany)
    Nico Rosberg defeated his Mercedes teammate Lewis Hamilton (Britain) and is now just 10 points behind him in this year’s F1 season. The victory was Rosberg’s third of the season, to Hamilton’s four. This was the 10th F1 race of 2015 season and now 9 races remain. Brazilian Felipe Massa finished a distant third for Williams team after holding off Ferrari’s Sebastian Vettel.

IBPS Recruitment of Officers In Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) General Knowledge Solved Paper
  • 1. Major producer of mulberry silk in India is– (A) Jammu and Kashmir (B) Jharkhand (C) Karnataka 
    (D) Assam (E) Himachal Pradesh Ans : (C)

    2. We come across the term 'PPP' in financial news nowadays. What does 'PPP' represent ? (A) Personal Percapita Power (B) Private Public Partnership 
    (C) Percapita Potential for Purchases (D) Present Purchasing Power 
    (E) Pure Purchase Parity Ans : (B)

    3. Many times we read the term 'ECB' in newspapers. What is the full form of 'ECB' ? (A) Essential Commercial Banking (B) European Credit Borrowing 
    (C) External Credit for Business (D) External Commercial Borrowing 
    (E) None of these Ans : (D)

    4. What is meant by financial inclusion? (A) Making available banking services at an affordable cost (B) Opening Savings Accounts in rural areas without any deposit 
    (C) Opening any type of account without introduction (D) Distributing money through rural branches 
    (E) Distributing wages through bank accounts Ans : (B)

    5. Which one of these countries is the largest producer of milk products in the world? (A) USA (B) China (C) India 
    (D) New Zealand (E) None of these Ans : (C)

    6. Which of the following is the most important rabi crop of India ? (A) Rice (B) Millet (C) Sugarcane 
    (D) Groundnut (E) Mustard Ans : (A)

    7. Who is the regulatory authority for insurance business in India ? (A) RBI (B) IRDP (C) SEBI 
    (D) NABARD (E) IRDA Ans : (E)

    8. What is money laundering ? (A) Conversion of assets into cash (B) Conversion of illegally obtained money into accountable money 
    (C) Conversion of assets into cash (D) Conversion of gold into cash 
    (E) one of these Ans : (B)

    9. Golden revolution refers to the development of which of the following agricultural products ? (A) Oilseeds (B) Pulses (C) Horticultural products 
    (D) Cereals (E) Fodder Ans : (C)

    10. Which programme was launched by Government of India to improve irrigation facilities in rural India ? (A) Annapurna Scheme (B) National Social Assistance Programme 
    (C) Integrated Rural Development Programme (D) Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana 
    (E) National Watershed Development Programme Ans : (E)

    11. Montek Singh Ahluwalia is holding which of the followirig positions at present? (A) Chairman of Planning Commission (B) Governor of RBI 
    (C) Secretary of UNO (D) Economic Adviser to Prime Minister 
    (E) Dy. Chairman of Planning Commission Ans : (E)

    12. Bird flu is a disease which affects and spreads through– (A) Cattle (B) Sheep (C) Prawn 
    (D) Silkworm (E) Poultry Ans : (E)

    13. Which country won the Davis Cup Tennis Tournament 2011 held in December 2011 ? (A) Argentina (B) USA (C) Australia 
    (D) Jaipur (E) Spain Ans : (E)

    14. Who among the following cricketers recently became the 10th Batsman to score 10,000 runs in Test cricket? (A) Mahela Jayawardene (B) Vijay Zol (C) Yuvraj Singh 
    (D) Younis Khan (E) Umar Akmal Ans : (A)

    15. The Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO) Summit took place in December 2011 in– (A) Tokyo (B) Moscow (C) New Delhi 
    (D) Paris (E) Perth Ans : (B)

    16. Who represented India in the 12th Consecutive Annual India-Russia Summit held in December 2011 ? (A) Smt. Pratibha Patil (B) Manmohan Singh (C) Smt. Sonia Gandhi 
    (D) Sri S. M. Krishna (E) None of these Ans : (B)

    17. Which of the following currencies is used in Britain ? (A) Pound (B) Dollar (C) Euro 
    (D) France (E) Pesso Ans : (A)

    18. Which of the following cups/ trophies is associated with the game of Football ? (A) Grand Prix (B) Rangaswami Cup (C) Wimbledon Trophy 
    (D) FIFA Cup (E) Ranji Trophy Ans : (D)

    19. The head office of the Bank of Maharashtra is located in which of the following cities ? (A) Kolkata (B) New Delhi (C) Pune 
    (D) Ahmedabad (E) Mumbai Ans : (C)

    20. Which country hosted the summit of SAARC nations in the year 2011 ? (A) India (B) Bangladesh (C) Nepal 
    (D) Maldives (E) Pakistan Ans : (D)

    21. Which of the following terms is not used in the field of Economics ? (A) Balance of Trade (B) Break Even Point (C) Plasma 
    (D) Capital Account Convertibility (E) Fiscal Deficit Ans : (C)

    22. "Carbon credit" is concerned with which one of these internationally sensitive issues ? (A) Deforestation (B) Contract farming (C) Rural infrastructure 
    (D) Diamond trading (E) Protection of environment Ans : (E)

    23. Which of the following terms is used in the game of cricket ? (A) Half Nelson (B) Love (C) Backhand Drive 
    (D) Penalty Stroke (E) Clean Bowled Ans : (E)

    24. India recently signed a Currency Swap Agreement with which of the following countries? (A) USA (B) Pakistan (C) Japan 
    (D) Germany (E) Australia Ans : (C)

    25. What is the full form of the term ASBA? (A) Allotment Supported by Blocked Amount (B) Application Supported by Bank Amount 
    (C) Allotment Supported by Bank Account (D) Application Supported by Blocked Amount 
    (E) Allotment and Social Banking Amount Ans : (D)

    26. Dipika Pallikal who won an international tournament recently in Hong Kong is a– (A) Golf player (B) Badminton player (C) Squash player 
    (D) Swimmer (E) Table Tennis player Ans : (C)

    27. The term "Deficit Financing" means the Government borrows money from the– (A) IMF (B) Local bodies (C) RBI 
    (D) Large corporates (E) Public at large Ans : (C)

    28. Regional Rural Banks– (A) have limited area of operation and access to refinance from NABARD. (B) are required to lend only to weaker sections. 
    (C) are mandated to do only narrow banking (D) can only extend agricultural loans. 
    (E) have unrestricted area of operation. Ans : (A)

    29. Ms Christine Lagarde is holding which of the following positions at present ? (A) Chief of Asian Development Bank (B) Chief of International Monetary Fund 
    (C) Chancellor of Germany (D) Chief of Morgan Stanley 
    (E) Chief of World Bank Ans : (B)

    30. What is the present reverse repo rate ? (A) 7.5% (B) 8.5% (C) 8% 
    (D) 6.5% (E) one of these Ans : (C)

    31. General Assembly elections were held in which of the following North East state in January 2012 ? (A) Assam (B) Meghalaya (C) Arunachal Pradesh 
    (D) Manipur (E) Tripura Ans : (D)

    32. What is the full form of the term FDI– (A) Foreign Direct Investment (B) Foreign Diverse Investment 
    (C) Fixed Deposit Investment (D) Floating Deposit Investment 
    (E) Financial Derivatives in India Ans : (A)

    33. The erstwhile UTI Bank is presently known as– (A) ING Vysya Bank (B) Yes Bank (C) Indus Ind Bank 
    (D) Axis Bank (E) IDBI Ans : (D)

    34. Which of the following telecom giants recently won its case against the Income Tax Department? (A) Bharti Airtel (B) Vodafone (C) Idea Cellular 
    (D) Reliance Communications (E) Tata Telecom Ans : (B)

    35. Which of the following countries recently attained the status of world's sixth largest economy ? (A) Russia (B) Japan (C) China 
    (D) India (E) Brazil Ans : (E)

    36. Which of the following countries decided to withdraw from Kyoto Protocol ? (A) Canada (B) Russia (C) India 
    (D) USA (E) China Ans : (A)

    37. Which of the following is not a Banking or Finance Company ? (A) Barclay (B) Lufthansa (C) BNP Paribas 
    (D) American Express (E) HSBC Ans : (B)

    38. India and Russia were having some differences over which of the following nuclear power plants? (A) Kaiga (B) Kudankulam (C) Rawatbhata 
    (D) Narora (E) None of these Ans : (B)

    39. Excise Duty is a tax levied on which of the following ? (A) Production of goods (B) Purchase of goods (C) Export of goods 
    (D) Movement of goods beyond municipal limits (E) Sale of goods Ans : (A)

    40. India and Pakistan started fresh talks on conventional CBM - was the news in all major newspapers. What does the letter 'M' denote in the term 'CBM' as used above ? (A) Money (B) Mechanism (C) Modalities 
    (D) Measures (E) Memorial Ans : (E)

    41. Which of the following is the unit of electrical current? (A) Bar (B) Calorie (C) Ampere 
    (D) Decibel (E) Angstrom Ans : (C)

    42. 'Global Meet on Emerging Economies' was organised in December 2011 in– (A) New Delhi (B) Dhaka (C) Islamabad 
    (D) Kathmandu (E) Cape Town Ans : (A)

    43. Which of the following awards is given to the coaches of sportspersons ? (A) Kalidas Samman (B) Dronacharya Award (C) Arjuna Award 
    (D) Dada Saheb Phalke Award (E) Saraswati Samman Ans : (B)

    44. Which of the following countries recently agreed to sell Uranium to India? (A) Australia (B) USA (C) Iran 
    (D) Germany (E) Bangladesh Ans : (A)

    45. Which of the following schemes launched by the Government of India is aimed at developing rural infrastructure? (A) MNREGA (B) ASHA (C) Bharat Nirman 
    (D) Operation Flood (E) Operation Black board Ans : (C)

    46. Who among the following is a famous sports person ? (A) Dhanush (B) Saina Nehwal (C) Charles Correa 
    (D) Ajit Singh (E) Kim Jong-un Ans : (B)

    47. Speed of a ship is expressed in– (A) Kilometre (B) Horse power (C) Ohm 
    (D) Knot (E) Coulomb Ans : (D)

    48. USA and some other European countries recently imposed fresh sanctions on which of the following countries as they are not in favour of its nuclear advancement? (A) Iraq (B) Pakistan (C) India 
    (D) Iran (E) Kuwait Ans : (D)

    49. Who among the following has written book 'Dr. Zhivago' ? (A) Pearl S. Buck (B) H. G. Wells (C) Saul Bellow 
    (D) Emile Zola (E) Boris Pasternak Ans : (D)

    50. Yoshihiko Noda who was on a visit to India recently is the present Prime Minister of– (A) Myanmar (B) South Korea (C) North Korea 
    (D) Japan (E) None of these Ans : (D)

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