Current Affairs September 2014 - Vikalp Education

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Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Current Affairs - 30 September 2014

by , in

Kem Cho Mr PM? Obama asks Modi; Michelle Obama not present at dinner

PM Narendra Modi meets his supporters at the Andrews Air Force Base, in Washington, DC.
  • WASHINGTON: President Barack Obama on Monday hosted a private dinner for Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the White House here, ahead of their summit level talks.

    Modi was welcomed by Obama who greeted him in Gujarati, "Kem Chho?" (how are you?), the mother tongue of the Prime Minister.

    Set in an informal ambiance, the dinner is the first opportunity for both the leaders to interact with each other.

    First Lady Michelle Obama, however, gave the dinner a miss.

Pakistan's admission on 'poor timing' of Hurriyat meeting may pave way for resumption of talks

Pakistan would have to adjust to the fact that India has a new government and a new foreign policy
  • NEW DELHI: Pakistan's public admission that its envoy's talks with Hurriyat leaders reflected "poor timing" may open the way for resumption of official dialogue with India. 

    Sartaj Aziz, foreign policy advisor to Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif, told an Indian news channel, "The timing of the meeting between Pakistan high commissioner to India and the Hurriyat leaders was not right and it could have been avoided. The newly-elected leaders of both the countries missed an opportunity of starting a dialogue." 

    The Narendra Modi government called off foreign secretary-level talks with Pakistan in August after their envoy in Delhi, Abdul Basit, met Hurriyat leaders on the eve of the dialogue, and persisted with the meeting even after foreign secretary Sujata Singh warned him that it would not be good for ties. 

O Panneerselvam steps into CM's shoes but party harps on Supreme Leader

O Panneerselvam breaks down while taking oath as chief minister in absence of party chief J Jayalalithaa at Raj Bhavan, Chennai on Monday.
  • CHENNAI: O Panneerselvam assumed charge as chief minister of Tamil Nadu on Monday. In addition to retaining charge of his previous departments such as finance, public works and irrigation, he has taken on his leader J Jayalalithaa's home and public departments. He will directly hold the reins of the top bureaucracy as well as planning. 

    Adding heft to the core leadership are power minister Natham R Viswanathan, housing and urban development minister R Vaithilingam and highways and minor ports minister K Palanisamy. 

    But at the swearing-in ceremony, there was no doubt about who was really in charge. The looming presence was the absence of Jayalalithaa. The tears in the ministers' eyes only seemed to reinforce that. The party's electronic mouthpiece continued to call Jayalalithaa "the chief minister of the people of Tamil Nadu". While other channels focussed on the swearing in of O Panneerselvam, the party's channel relegated this to a news item before a commercial break and moved on to an appeal being made to the National Human Rights Commission about the fact that the sentencing was done on a Saturday so that she could not move for bail soon. 

Modi and the media and the mania: It’s complicated

  • WASHINGTON: ''It's complicated,'' just about captures Prime Minister Narendra Modi's knotty ties with the Indian media.

    That relationship is playing out in all its complexity during his US trip. The large media corporations from India that are trailing him believe he gives preferential treatment to US-based media, including Indian scribes here, because they are less hostile/more friendly/less challenging, etc, to him. In short, they are soft on him.

    At the centre of the heartburn coursing through the media centre at the New York Palace Hotel over the weekend was the decision by the Prime Minister's office to meet a small group of US-based correspondents, present company included, for what was described as a private ''social interaction.'' The ground rules were made clear at the outset — No cameras, no tape recorders, not even pen and paper, and no reporting of anything spoken at the meeting.

How Narendra Modi has pulled a 'fast' one on Obamas

64-year-old Modi, who arrived in the US on Friday, has been observing Navratra fasts which started on September 25.
  • WASHINGTON: In diplomacy, as in life, it has long been believed that a way to a guest's heart is through his stomach. Which is why there is so much fanfare about state dinners and banquets, a Washington specialty that is choreographed and chronicled to the last excruciating detail. But in a remarkable reversal, a White House guest may well be winning his hosts' heart with an abstemious, self-abnegating fast that will resonate with their own struggle to put America on a more moderate dietary path.

    When Prime Minister Narendra Modi walks into the White House tonight for a planned "private dinner" with President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama, he would have abstained from food for five days, with four more days of fasting to follow in keeping with his annual practice during Navratri. In keeping with their guest's needs, he will only be offered hot water, lemon juice, perhaps some tea, honey from the White House's own beehive to lace any of the beverages, with some fruits and nuts for show.

    In deference and with respect to their guest's dietary abstinence, even the First Couple will not be chowing down any dinner. And no one will be more interested in the Modi's fast, its underpinnings, its progress, and its benefits than Michelle Obama, who will hare back in the evening from Milwaukee to where she left in the morning to campaign in a gubernatorial race, allowing her husband to prepare for the meeting.

After Raj Thackeray barb, Sena asks Gite to quit govt

MNS chief Raj Thackeray
  • MUMBAI: Barely a day after MNS chief Raj Thackeray criticized the Shiv Sena for continuing in the Union cabinet even after severing poll ties with BJP, Uddhav Thackeray said party MP and Union minister for heavy industries Anant Gite would quit the NDA regime.

    "We will ask Gite to put in his papers after Prime Minister Narendra Modi returns from his US trip," the Sena president told mediapersons on Monday. 

    Observers say Uddhav has, in a manner of speaking, acknowledged the validity and logic of Raj's argument. 

    "There are ample indications that the two cousins may move closer after the assembly polls," sources close to the Thackeray khandaan said, indicating a possibility of floor coordination between Sena and MNS should Sena emerge as the single largest party after the state legislative assembly polls. 

    What lends credence to the talk is Raj's Sunday speech in Kandivli wherein he slammed BJP and sought greater autonomy for Maharashtra, say observers. Many Sainiks pointed out that while riling the Sena for being subservient to BJP during seat-sharing talks, the MNS chief also revealed a soft spot for his cousin. 

Union Cabinet approved Swachh Bharat Mission for Urban Areas

  • The Union Cabinet on 24 September 2014 approved Swachh Bharat Mission for Urban Areas. The mission will begin from 2 October 2014 and will be implemented over a period of five years.
    The mission will be implemented in over 4041 statutory towns of the country and will cost around 62009 crore rupees of which 14623 crore rupees will be borne by the Union Government.
    The Mission is the urban component of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and will be implemented by Union Ministry of Urban Development. The rural component of the Mission will be implemented by Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
    Main elements of the Mission
    • The Mission includes elimination of open defecation, conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradication of manual scavenging, Municipal Solid Waste Management.
    • The Programme consists of components for providing (i) Individual household toilets; (ii) Community and public toilets; and (iii) Municipal Solid Waste Management in all 4041 statutory towns
    • It would cover 1.04 crore households, provide 2.5 lakh seats of community toilets, 2.6 lakh seats of public toilets and solid waste management facility for all towns.
    Aim of the Mission
    • It aims towards bringing a behavioural change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices and generating awareness among citizens about sanitation and its linkages with public health.
    • It also aims at strengthening of urban local bodies to design, execute and operate systems to fulfill these objectives and creating an enabling environment for private sector participation in capital expenditure and operational expenditure.
    The plan of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was mentioned in the Union Budget 2014-15 by the Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on 10 July 2014. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was proposed in the Union Budget under Drinking Water & Sanitation plan. As proposed, the Abhiyan will cover every household with sanitation facility by the year 2019

Union Government launched Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana for urban and rural poor

  • Union Government on 25 September 2014 launched Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana for urban and rural poor. The Yojana aims at alleviating urban and rural poverty through enhancement of livelihood opportunities through skill development and other means.
    Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana has two components one for urban India and other for rural India. The Urban component will be implemented by the Union Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation while rural component named as Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana will be implemented by the Union Ministry of Rural Development.
    Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
    Under the Yojana, the Union Ministry of Rural Development will launch skill development training centres on a large scale to address the problem of unemployment particularly in rural India.
    Main Highlights of the Rural Scheme
    • The Yojana aims at training 10 lakh (1 million) rural youths for jobs in three years, that is, by 2017.
    • The minimum age for entry under the Yojana is 15 years compared to 18 years under the Aajeevika Skills Programme.
    • Skill development training centres to be launched so as to address the unemployment problem in the rural area.
    • The skills imparted under the Yojana will now be benchmarked against international standards and will complement the Prime Minister’s Make In India campaign.
    • The Kaushalya Yojana will also the address the need for imparting training to the differently-able persons and chip in private players including international players to impart the skills to the rural youths.
    Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana for urban areas
    Under the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana (DAY) for urban areas extends the coverage to all the 4041 statutory cities and towns, there by covering almost the entire urban population. Currently, all the urban poverty alleviating programmes covered only 790 towns and cities.

    Main Highlights of the Urban Scheme 
    The scheme will focus on
    • Imparting skills with an expenditure of 15000 rupees to 18000 rupees on each urban poor
    • Promotion of self-employment through setting up individual micro-enterprises and group enterprises with interest subsidy for individual projects costing 2lakhs rupees and 10 lakhs rupees for group enterprises. Subsidized interest rate will be 7 percent.
    • Training urban poor to meet the huge demand from urban citizens by imparting market oriented skills through City Livelihood Centres. Each Centre would be given a capital grant of 10 lakhs rupees.
    • Enabling urban poor form Self-Help Groups for meeting financial and social needs with a support of 10000 rupees per each group who would in turn would be helped with bank linkages.
    • Development of vendor markets besides promotion of skills of vendors
    • Construction of permanent shelters for urban homeless and provision of other essential services.

Union Government launched Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana

  • Union government on 25 September 2014 launched Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana. The Yojana was launched by Nitin Gadkari, Union Minister for Rural Development during the National Convention on Skills for Rural and Urban Poor held in New Delhi.
    The Yojana was launched during the 98th birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay. Earlier the Yojana was known as Aajeevika Skills Development Programme (ASDP).
    Main Highlights of the Yojana
    • The Yojana aims at training 10 lakh (1 million) rural youths for jobs in three years, that is, by 2017.
    • The minimum age for entry under the Yojana is 15 years compared to 18 years under the Aajeevika Skills Programme.
    • Skill development training centres to be launched so as to address the unemployment problem in the rural area.
    • The skills imparted under the Yojana will now be benchmarked against international standards and will complement the Prime Minister’s Make In India campaign.
    • The Kaushalya Yojana will also the address the need for imparting training to the differently-able persons and chip in private players including international players to impart the skills to the rural youths.
    The Rationale for launching the Yojana
    The Yojana was launched in the light of huge problem of unemployment among the rural youths despite the fact that they have merits. In order to correct this match, Union government decided to launch skill development scheme.
    Further, in light of the fact that, by 2020 developed countries will have a shortfall of over 57 million semi-skilled workers while India by 2020 will have 47 million surplus of workers. This effectively means that there will be high demand for skilled manpower in developed countries, where Indian rural youth can be absorbed after they acquire industry-specific training.
    Status of Skilled workers in India
    In India as against 12 million people entering the workforce every year during the last 10 years only 1 million youths were trained. Further out of 12 million people, only 10 percent were skilled ones, while the percentage in European Union is 75 and in China it is 50 percent. Also, as compared to 4500 skills in China, India only has 1600 skills, a huge gap indeed.
    About the Aajeevika Skill Development Programme (ASDP)
    Aajeevika Skills Development Programme (ASDP) was launched in June 2011 as a sub-mission under the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM). It was launched to cater to the occupational aspirations of the rural youth who are poor and to diversify incomes of the rural poor.
    The ASDP aimed at skilling and placing 50 lakhs youth in the formal sector by 2017.
Saturday, September 27, 2014

Current Affairs - 27 September 2014

by , in

US steps in to nip in bud Modi legal wrangle, says he enjoys immunity

  • NEW YORK: Prime Minister Narendra Modi will have total immunity from legal proceedings in the US that have been initiated by human rights activists, the Obama administration said on Friday even as the Indian leader arrived in New York to a purported US court order pertaining to the 2002 Gujarat riots.

    Radical Sikh activists who have been carrying out a legal campaign in US to shame the Indian government for perceived human rights excesses attempted to embarrass Modi ahead of his arrival in New York by initiating legal action, resulting in a court order seeking his response to the 2002 communal riots in Gujarat. But the Obama administration stepped in to assure the visiting leader that he's safe from any legal wrangle even as he landed in New York.

    Senior Obama administration officials previewing the visit said in a teleconference that as a visiting head of government, Modi enjoyed complete immunity for the duration of the visit not only from court proceedings, but also from being personally served or handed court summons. "While we cannot comment specifically on this lawsuit, I can tell you that as a general legal principle, sitting heads of government enjoy immunity from suits in American courts," one official said.

    "Sitting heads of government also enjoy personal inviolability while in the United States, which means they cannot be personally handed or delivered papers or summons to begin the process of this," the official said, adding that, "as a matter of treaty, heads of delegation to the UN General Assembly enjoy immunity while in New York to attend the UN event."

    Although touted by an excitable media as the court issuing "summons" to the Prime Minister, the order by a district court in New York only enjoins the Indian Prime Minister to respond within 21 days after he is served notice, and in no way affects his US programme or his visit. Indian government sources say the action, which they suspect is supported by "forces inimical to India," is only aimed at embarrassing the Prime Minister on his first visit to the US in 14 years.

    "Steps being taken 2 address frivolous & malicious attempts 2 distract attention from the visit of @PMOIndia to US," Syed Akbaruddin, spokesman of India's external affairs minister tweeted as soon as the Modi touched down at JFK airport.

Stop prescribing antibiotics for fever and cold, Indian Medical Association will tell doctors

  • NEW DELHI: Faced with the scary prospect of losing lives to simple infections in the future, India is finally waking up to the dangers of reckless antibiotic use. The Indian Medical Association, a pan-India voluntary organization of doctors, will on Sunday launch a nationwide awareness programme on overuse of these live-savers, a practice that has led to emergence of drug-resistant organisms. 

    IMA will also ask fellow practitioners to avoid unnecessary prescriptions such as recommending antibiotics for patients with fever and cold which are generally caused by viral infections. 

    "In the past two decades, almost no new antibiotic has been discovered while bacteria have learnt to overcome the existing ones. If we don't conserve our antibiotics, a day will come when simple infections will become life threatening," said Dr Narender Saini, the secretary general of IMA. 

    Saini said Sunday onwards IMA plans to hold public lectures and 'training of trainers' aimed to press for rational use of drugs among the medical fraternity. IMA, he added, has 2.5 lakh member doctors registered with its 1,700 branches across the country and all of them will be part of the initiative.

    Several researches, including those conducted by WHO in India, have revealed that over-the-counter sale and purchase of antibiotics is rampant in the country. There is also lack of knowledge about the exact use of each antibiotic among physicians.

Nawaz Sharif raises J&K issue at UNGA, blames India for ‘another missed opportunity’

  • UNITED NATIONS: Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Friday raked up the Kashmir issue at the UN General Assembly here and blamed India for "another missed opportunity" to address outstanding issues by cancelling the foreign secretary-level talks. 

    Asserting that a "veil" cannot be drawn over the "core" issue of Kashmir, he said Pakistan is ready to work for resolution of this problem through negotiations. 

    "Our support and advocacy of the right to self- determination of the people of Jammu and Kashmir is our historic commitment and a duty, as a party to the Kashmir dispute," he said while addressing the annual UN General Assembly session. 

    Needling India, Sharif said that more than six decades ago, the UN had passed resolutions to hold a plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir. 

    "The people of Jammu and Kashmir are still waiting for the fulfillment of that promise," he said. 

    "Many generations of Kashmiris have lived their lives under occupation, accompanied by violence and abuse of their fundamental rights. Kashmiri women, in particular, have undergone immense suffering and humiliation," he said. 

    For decades, attempts have been made, both under UN auspices and bilaterally in the spirit of the Lahore Declaration, to resolve this dispute, he said. 

    "The core issue of Jammu and Kashmir has to be resolved. This is the responsibility of the international community. We cannot draw a veil on the issue of Kashmir, until it is addressed in accordance with the wishes of the people of Jammu and Kashmir," Sharif told the gathering. 

    India had called off the foreign secretary-level talks in August after Pakistan high commissioner Abdul Basit met Kashmiri Hurriyat leaders in New Delhi, ignoring India's warning not to meet the separatist leaders. 

Pakistan is building smaller nukes, but they just might be more dangerous

  • Pakistan is likely working to create tactical nuclear weapons, which are smaller warheads built for use on battlefields rather than cities or infrastructure. These weapons are diminutive enough to be launched from warships or submarines, which makes them easier to use on short notice than traditional nuclear weapons. 

    Developing tactical nuclear weapons calls for miniaturization of current weaponry (the "Davy Crockett," developed by the US in the '50s, was designed to launch from a simple tripod). But as The Washington Post reports, analysts are divided on whether Pakistan will be able to make warheads tiny enough for sea-launching. 

    There's less uncertainty about the military advantage gained with such weapons. A warhead-toting navy would allow Pakistan to stay nuclear-capable regardless of what happens to its homeland, where its nuclear infrastructure is spread out. 

Uddhav calls Raj, duo sets up hotline for Sena-MNS talks

  • MUMBAI: A day after Maharashtra's two major political alliances came apart, the political firmament was rocked by talk of the estranged Thackeray cousins cosying up to each other. Shiv Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray reportedly called up MNS boss Raj Thackeray on Wednesday to inquire after his health. The two have since appointed representatives for their parties to "talk to each other".

    Sources said the Sena may want MNS as an ally in key civic bodies like Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan-Dombivli if BJP pulls out from these bodies.

    The development came as just-separated alliance partners attacked each other, indicating a bitter five-cornered fight for the October 15 polls.

    Shiv Sena mouthpiece Saamna hit out at BJP, saying those who terminated the alliance were "enemies of Maharashtra". It described them as "crows of pitru paksha".

    BJP leader Rajiv Pratap Rudy said the comments were "uncalled for" and said Matoshree could not have expected BJP to "betray" smaller partners in the 'maha yuti'.

HC says taken for 'jolly ride', asks O P Chautala to surrender

  • NEW DELHI: Taking a dim view of former Haryana chief minister O P Chautala's poll campaigning while out on bail on health grounds, the Delhi high court on Friday directed him to surrender by October 17. Chautala has been sentenced to 10 years in jail in a teachers' recruitment scam case.

    Taking note of the CBI's submission that Chautala attended a rally in Haryana's Jind town on Thursday, Justice Siddharth Mridul warned Chautala a medical board would be set up to examine his health and submit a report. At this, Chautala's lawyer gave the assurance the INLD chief would surrender before October 17. The undertaking came just as the HC was on the verge of roping in AIIMS doctors for their views on the necessity of keeping Chautala hospitalised.


  • 1. The memory address of the first element of an array is called ___
    a) floor address
    b) foundation address
    c) first address
    d) base address
    e) second address
  • 2. The term "push" and "pop" is related to the ___
    a) Array
    b) Lists
    c) Stacks
    d) All the above
    e) None of these
  • 3. A data structure where elements can be added or removed at either end but not in the middle:
    a) Linked lists
    b) Deque
    c) Stacks
    d) Queues
    e) Bugs
  • 4. Which of the following case does not exist in complexity theory?
    a) Best case
    b) Worst case
    c) Null case
    d) Average case
    e) Middle case
  • 5. The operation of processing each element in the list is known as ___
    a) Traversal
    b) Sorting
    c) Merging
    d) Inserting
    e) Layout
  • 6. Human beings are referred to as Homo Sapiens, which device is called Sillico Sapien?
    a) Hardware
    b) Robot
    c) Computer
    d) Monitor
    e) RAM
  • 7. Asmall or intelligent device is so called because it contains within it a ___
    a) Computer
    b) Microcomputer
    c) Programmable
    d) Sensor
    e) Cursor
  • 8. The Analytical Engine developed during First Generation of computers used ___ as a memory unit.
    a) Floppies
    b) RAM
    c) Counter Wheels
    d) Cards
    e) Wires
  • 9. Which of the following devices is specially designed to forward packets to specific ports based on the packet's address?
    a) Switching hub
    b) Specialty hub
    c) Filtering hub
    d) Port hub
    e) Pin hub
  • 10. What is the Operating System used in ATM machine?
    a) Windows XP
    b) Windows 7
    c) Linux
    d) Windows 8.1
    e) Windows XP or Linux based
  • 11. BOSS is developed in which country?
    a) Japan
    b) USA
    c) UK
    d) India
    e) China
  • 12. A system call is a method by which a program makes a request to the ____
    a) Input Management
    b) Interrupt processing
    c) Output Management
    d) Operating system
    e) Operating Management
  • 13. Which of the following is the older high-level (non-assembler) programming language?
    a) C
    b) LISP
    c) FORTRAN
    d) BASIC
    e) C++
  • 14. Which device is used as the standard pointing device in a Graphical User Environment?
    a) Keyboard
    b) Mouse
    c) Joystick
    d) Trackball
    e) Printer
  • 15. The section of the CPU that is responsible for performing mathematical operations:
    a) Memory
    b) Register Unit
    c) Control Unit
    d) ALU
    e) None of the above
  • 16. Which of the following might be used by a company to satisfy its growing communication needs?
    a) Front end processor
    b) Multiplexer
    c) Controller
    d) Concentrator
    e) All of the above
  • 17. Microsoft .NET is ___
    a) Open Source
    b) Closed Source
    c) Browser
    d) Middle Source
    e) All the above
  • 18. Technical documentation is prepared by?
    a) Users
    b) Coders
    c) Mangers
    d) Marketing & sales people
    e) Students

  • 19. Comments can be added using __
    a) \comments
    b) /* */
    c) //
    d) %
    e) $
  • 20. What are the three main types of computer programming languages?
    a) Machine language, assembly language, high level language
    b) Imperative language, functional language, declarative language
    c) COBOL, FORTRAN-77, C++
    d) a and c
    e) None of these
  • 21. Which of the following network access standard is used for connecting stations to a circuitswitched network?
    a) X.3
    b) X.21
    c) X.25
    d) X.75
    e) X.8
  • 22. Which of the following is usually a special one-time operation that must be completed over a limited time period?
    a) Batch
    b) Patch
    c) Project
    d) Word
    e) File
  • 23. The latest PC keyboards use a circuit that senses the movement by the change in its capacitance. What are these keyboards called?
    a) Capacitance keyboards
    b) Mechanical keyboards
    c) Qwerty keyboards
    d) Dvorak keyboards
    e) Normal keyboard
  • 24. An IC contains 50 gates each of which consists of 6 components. Its belong to:
    a) VLSI
    b) LSI
    c) MSI
    d) SSI
    e) SSC
  • 25. Controls of data communication deal with ___
    a) the communication channel
    b) the computer
    c) terminals
    d) All of the above
    e) None of the above
  • 26. Inventory is also referred to as:
    a) Stock
    b) Warehouse capacity
    c) Materials
    d) Materials in hand
    e) Storage
  • 27. A server that can perform no other task besides network services is called ___
    a) Uno server
    b) Dedicated server
    c) Committed server
    d) Service server
    e) Client server.
  • 28. What is the shortcut key of printing a document for computer having windows?
    a) Shift + P
    b) Alt + P
    c) Del + P
    d) Ctrl + Shift + P
    e) Ctrl + P
  • 29. The processing of an application takes place between a client and a ___ processor.
    a) Front end
    b) Back end
    c) Middle end
    d) Only a and b
    e) a, b and c
  • 30. ___ transforms one interface into another interface.
    a) Program
    b) Software
    c) Data
    d) File
    e) Data Base
  • 31. What is the full form of CRT?
    a) Current Ray Tube
    b) Current Ray Technology
    c) Cathode Ray Tube
    d) Cathode Ray Technology
    e) Cat Ray Tube
  • 32. The Analytical Engine developed during First Generation of computers used ___ as a memory unit.
    a) RAM
    b) Floppies
    c) Cards
    d) Counter Wheels
    e) ROM
  • 33. Which of the following companies is a leader in manufacture of Hard Disk Drives?
    a) Samsung
    b) IBM
    c) Fujitsu
    d) Seagate
    e) Acer
  • 34. ____ store data or information temporarily and pass it on as directed by the control unit?
    a) Address
    b) Register
    c) Number
    d) Memory
    e) None of these
  • 35. In ___ mode, the communication channel is used in both directions at the same time?
    a) Full-duplex
    b) Simplex
    c) Half-duplex
    d) Duplex
    e) None of these
  • 36. "New Comment" option can be found under ___ tab?
    a) Insert
    b) Data
    c) Review
    d) View
    e) File
  • 37. Which key moves the cursor to the beginning of the next line of text?
    a) Shift
    b) Enter/ return
    c) Tab
    d) Backspace/ delete
    e) None of these
  • 38. Identify the IP address from the following:
    a) 300.215.317.3
    b) 302.215@417.5
    d) 202-50-20-148
    e) 101.50. 2 0.148
  • 39. Which one of the following is not a/an image/ graphic file format?
    a) PNG
    b) GIF
    c) BMP
    d) GUI
    e) None of these
  • 40. In a client/ server model, a client program ___
    a) asks for information
    b) provides information and files
    c) serves software files to other computers
    d) distributes data files to other computers
    e) All the above
  • 41. Dot-matrix, DeskJet, Inkjet and Laser are all types of which computer peripherals?
    a) Keyboard
    b) Software
    c) Monitor
    d) Hardware
    e) Printer
  • 42. What is the meaning of 'Hibernate' in Windows XP / Windows 7?
    a) Restart the computers in safe mode
    b) Restart the computers in normal mode
    c) Shutdown the computer terminating all the running applications
    d) Shutdown the computer without closing the running applications.
    e) None of these
    1) d; 2) c; 3) b; 4) c; 5) a; 6) c; 7) d; 8) c; 9) a; 10) e;
    11) c; 12) d; 13) c; 14) b; 15) d; 16) e; 17) b; 18) b; 19) d; 20) a;
    21) b; 22) c; 23) a; 24) c; 25) d; 26) a; 27) b; 28) e; 29) d; 30) b;
    31) c; 32) d; 33) d; 34) b; 35) a; 36) c; 37) b; 38) c; 39) d; 40) a;
    41) e; 42) d.

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