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Current Affairs - 14 March 2017

General Affairs 

Congress To Challenge Manohar Parrikar As Goa Chief Minister In Top Court
  • The Congress has moved the Supreme Court to challenge BJP taking charge of Goa despite winning fewer seats in the just-concluded assembly elections. The Congress will seek a stay on Manohar Parrikar's swearing-in as Goa Chief Minister scheduled for tomorrow.

    The petition has been filed by Goa legislative party leader who says Goa's Governor Mridula Sinha's decision to invite the BJP to form the government is illegal. The petition says single largest party should have been asked to for the government.

    Mr Parrikar was set to take oath as the Goa Chief Minister for the fourth time tomorrow. He declared today that he has resigned from PM Narendra Modi's council of ministers to go back to his home state. The incumbent BJP with 13 seats claims to have support of eight other legislators needed to cross the magic mark. Mr Parrikar will have to prove his majority in the assembly within 15 days of swearing in. He will also have to get elected to the state legislature within six months.

    Mr Parrikar, 61, had been Chief Minister for a little over two years in his third stint in that post, when he was pulled out of Goa in late 2014 to join PM Modi's cabinet.

    Mr Parrikar together with Union Minister Nitin Gadkari held a long meeting on Sunday evening where the BJP efficiently collected the additional seven seats it needs from regional parties. Mr Parrikar then met with Governor Mridula Sinha to stake claim and was invited to form the government.

    The BJP staked claim to form government despite placing second to the Congress which has won the most - 17 - but not enough to form the government - the target is 21.

    The BJP legislators in Goa met on Sunday morning and unanimously said they want Mr Parrikar to head their government. The party's former ally the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party or MGP with three seats offered their support to the BJP on condition that Mr Parrikar will head the government.

    Another regional party Goa Forward, which also won three seats, has provided its support in writing at the meeting on Sunday evening.

    There are three independents who have been elected two of whom have promised support to the BJP, earning it the eight extra seats it needs for a majority.

    The Congress has accused the BJP of "murdering the democracy".  

    "Mr Parrikar did not even contest one knows if he is popular among the people of Goa... this is murder of democracy in broad day light," said Congress' Priyanka Chaturvedi.

    Senior Congress leader P Chidambaram, in a tweet, said, the "BJP is stealing elections in Goa, Manipur. Party that comes second has no right to form government," he tweeted this morning.

    Rejecting the Congress' claim, the BJP leader GVL Narsimha Rao said, "We secured 4 % more popular votes than the Congress, we also have legislative majority to form government."

In Manipur, Ibobi Singh Will Step Down In 24 Hours But Won't Step Away
  • Manipur Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh, who tried to prevent Governor Najma Heptulla from inviting the BJP to form the government by holding back his resignation, will quit "today or tomorrow" and stake claim to get a fourth term as head of government in the state.

    But it may not be easy for Mr Singh to get the invite. With 28 seats, he is the leader of the single largest party in Manipur but the BJP seems to have already persuaded Raj Bhavan that it had the majority support.

    Governor Heptulla has made it clear that the BJP - which came second in the Manipur assembly elections with 21 out of 60 seats - had met her with a list of 32 legislators who back the BJP. Ms Heptulla has, according to news agency ANI, said she was "satisfied" with the BJP's claim though she was still waiting for Mr Singh to put in his papers.

    Power Minister Piyush Goyal who was camping in Manipur capital Imphal, went ahead to name Nongthombam Biren Singh as the party's chief ministerial candidate soon after. Once a key aide of Mr Ibobi Singh, the BJP's candidate for the top job in the state joined the BJP only in October 2016. Mr Biren Singh, who was the BJP legislature party's unanimous choice, said he had quit the Congress due to bad governance and expressed confidence that the BJP will deliver on its good governance plank.

    But Mr Ibobi Singh - who has been the state's chief minister for 15 years - made it clear that Raj Bhavan could not brush aside his claim.

    Among the 32 lawmakers who the BJP told the Governor supported them included one legislator each from the Congress and the Trinamool Congress.

    "Our party is intact... the TMC member is also with us," Mr Singh told reporters at a Press conference. Referring to his meeting with Governor Heptulla, the three-time Manipur Chief Minister said when he requested the Governor to start the process of government formation at his meeting yesterday, he was told that Raj Bhavan first wanted him to put in his papers.

PM Narendra Modi Congratulates Record Number of Women In New UP Assembly
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi welcomed Holi by calling for a "new India" at the victory speech on Sunday, as BJP celebrated the party's elating performance in the assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh and other states. 

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday expressed happiness to see a new record of highest number of women MLAs elected to the new Uttar Pradesh Assembly.

    "Glad that a new record has been set of highest women MLAs elected in UP assembly. Congratulations to all women MLAs," Mr Modi tweeted while sharing an online news item.

    The BJP won 312 of the 403 seats in the state assembly and, with 39.007 per cent of the vote, almost matched its record in Uttar Pradesh during 2014 general election, claiming the biggest parliamentary majority in three decades.

    The mega UP election which was held in seven rounds establishes the success of PM Modi as a brand and his massive campaigning. The results also confirmed to PM Modi's demonetisation drive that was announced before the elections aiming at rooting out corruption and counterfeit currency. 

    BJP leaves the final call to party chief Amit Shah, to decide on who will lead Uttar Pradesh as its Chief Minister. 

    PM Modi responded to a media report stating that there will be a record of 38 women MLAs in attendance this term in the Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly, the highest since Independence. 

'BJP Stealing Elections In Goa, Manipur,' Says Congress' P Chidambaram
  • As the BJP claims to form governments in two states - Goa and Manipur - where it stood second to the Congress, former finance minister and the senior Congress leader P Chidambaram said, the "BJP is stealing elections in Goa, Manipur".

    "Party that comes second has no right to form government," he tweeted this morning.

    The response comes a day after the BJP announced that it is all set to form government in Goa and Manipur, claiming it has support of majority legislators.

    Manohar Parrikar, who will take oath as Goa Chief Minister tomorrow evening, met with Governor Mridula Sinha on Sunday and was invited to form the government. Mr Parrikar today said that he has resigned as union Defence Minister.

    Accusing the BJP of "murdering the democracy", Congress' Priyanka Chaturvedi said, "Mr Parrikar did not even contest one knows if he is popular among the people of Goa... this is murder of democracy in broad day light."

    Rejecting the allegation, BJP leader GVL Narsimha Rao said, "We secured 4 per cent more popular votes than the Congress, we also have legislative majority to form government... they (Congress) don't have."

    Goa has 40 seats of which the Congress won 17, falling short of the magic number 21. The BJP, which is the incumbent, won 13. Many regional parties have extended their support to the BJP in Goa on a condition - Mr Parrikar will lead the government.

    In Manipur, the BJP claims to have support of 31 legislators after scoring 21 seats in 60 seats assembly. Congress got the maximum seats - 27.

    "We have letters of 30 MLAs and the 31st will send a letter to the Governor," said Himanta Biswa Sarma, who had joined the BJP from the Congress.

    G Gaikhangam, Deputy Chief Minister of Manipur, said: "The Chief Minister (Okram Ibobi) has staked claims (to form government)... we are the single largest party we should be invited first to take a floor test."

    Mr Chidambaram comment comes a day after he acknowledged PM Narendra Modi as "the most dominant political leader" in the country.

    PM Modi exhaustive campaign in UP won the BJP the strongest result for any party since 1977 in India's politically most-strategic state. The BJP won all but 76 of the state's 403 seats.

China To Expand Marine Corps Deployment For Strategic Gwadar Port: Report
  • China will expand the number of its marine corps from 20,000 to one lakh as part of its plans to protect its growing interests overseas. Beijing is planning to station the marine corps at ports operated by it, including the strategic Gwadar port in Pakistan and military logistics base in Djibouti in the Indian Ocean, Hong-Kong based South China Morning Post reported today.

    Gwadar port is a deep-sea port next to the Strait of Hormuz that connects the USD 46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) through PoK with China's Xinjiang. The port is also part of a key oil route in and out of the Persian Gulf, built with Chinese funding and operated by mainland firms.

    Although the port is not home to any PLA installation, navy ships are expected to dock at the facility in the near future, the report said.

    The expanded Chinese marine corps is part of a wider push to refocus the world's largest army away from winning a land war based on sheer numbers and towards meeting a range of security scenarios using highly specialised units, the report said.

    Towards that end, Chinese President Xi Jinping is reducing the size of the People's Liberation Army or PLA by three lakh, with nearly all of the cuts coming from the land forces, it said.

    For this, two brigades of special combat soldiers had already been moved to the marines, nearly doubling its size to 20,000, and more brigades would be added, the report said.

    "The PLA marines will be increased to 100,000, consisting of six brigades in the coming future to fulfil new missions of our country," it quoted a source as saying.

    The size of the navy would also grow 15 per cent from its current estimated size of 2.35 lakh personnel.

    China this year plans to increase its defence spending by about seven per cent to USD 152 billion. Much of it was expected to go to the navy as China plans to spread its influence far from its shores.

    Traditionally, marines have mostly operated only in China's coastal areas, as their role was limited by their relatively small numbers and basic equipment, Beijing-based naval expert Li Jie said.

    But a bigger corps could be deployed much farther afield as the navy takes on more challenges.

Business Affairs 

No cash withdrawal limit on savings account from today
  • BJP's incredible wins in UP and other states have reconfirmed that Narendra Modi was able to grow out of the ill effects of demonetisation right on time. Now, with the withdrawal limit removed, the country's economy too will have a better chance at recovery from the slow down after demonetisation.
    The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Feb 8 said that it had decided to enhance the withdrawal limit on saving accounts from February 20 and end the limit altogether from March 13. Following their promise, RBI has ended the withdrawal limit on savings accounts. 
    Keeping up with the pace of remonetisation, the RBI had decided to enhance the withdrawal limit on saving accounts in two phases. From February 20, 2017 the limit on cash withdrawal was to be enhanced to Rs 50,000 per week and from March 13, 2017, there would be no limit on cash withdrawals.
    Earlier, the central bank had partially restore status quo ante on cash withdrawal limit for current accounts from February 1. The limit on cash withdrawals were brought in by the RBI after Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced demonetisation on November 8, 2016. 
    RBI said the currency in circulation was worth Rs 9.92 lakh crore as on January 27.
    While addressing the press conference after RBI announced its decision to keep the repo rate unchanged, RBI Governor Urjit Patel said, "there is still scope for lending rates of banks to come down."

Gold imports fall sharply post-demonetisation
  • The Centre's demonetisation drive is seemed to have a significant impact on the gold demand in the country as imports of the metal dropped sharply in December and January.
    Gold imports reduced to 54.1 tonnes in December and 53.2 tonnes in January from a high of 119.2 tonnes in November, the month during which the government scrapped the old Rs 500/1,000 notes.
    The decline in January is 43 per cent from the gold imported in the corresponding month in 2016.
    The sudden decision to demonetise the old high value notes led to a massive cash crunch in the country impacting demand for various commodities, including precious metals.
    According to an RBI assessment paper, after demonetisation, the domestic demand for gold (or gold items) spiked suddenly, with "buyers reportedly willing" to pay huge premiums to dispose of old currency notes with jewellers.
    "Reflecting this development as well as the seasonal jump, the volume of gold imports surged in November, even above the elevated October level. Gold imports, however, declined sharply in December 2016 and January 2017," the paper said.
    The RBI said that around 80 per cent of the gems and jewellery purchases in India are made in cash and consumer demand was reported to have been impacted due to the cash shortage.
    India is one of the largest gold importers in the world, and the imports mainly take care of demand from the jewellery industry.
    In volume terms, the country's total gold imports declined to 546 tonnes in April-January of this fiscal, much lower than 892.9 tonnes in the year-ago period.
    Total gold imports had totalled 968 tonnes in 2015-16.

Despite bottom line pressure, FY17 to be the best for airlines
  • Airlines are likely to close the outgoing financial year with 22-23 per cent traffic growth, making it one of the best for the sector, even though the pressure on their bottom line is increasing as oil prices are on a northward-ho, says a report.
    "Airlines are maintaining healthy load factors backed by low fares. But since oil prices are on an uptrend, impact on profitability in Q4 is inevitable as average ATF price during the quarter are 37.9 per cent higher YoY, while the yields continue to remain under pressure," says an Icra report.
    The fuel cost per ASKM increased to Rs 1.16 in January from a low of Rs 0.82 a year ago, and the same is expected to increase further in February and March, according to Icra.
    Backed by competitive pricing, the industry reported stellar passenger load factor of 84.4 per cent during the first 10 months of the year, which is also one of the best amongst the key markets in the world. The PLF stood at 88.3 per cent in January.
    The aviation industry has reported YoY passenger traffic growth of 23.2 per cent during the first 10 months of the current financial year and is heading towards completing one of the best years in terms of passenger traffic growth, says the report.
    The domestic passenger growth for last five years stood at 12.9 per cent, 5.3 per cent, 4.6 per cent, 15.5 per cent and 22.1 per cent, and the industry is likely to surpass the last year growth rate, making the domestic market the fastest growing in the world.
    In January, traffic growth rose to healthy at 25.3 per cent, while the international traffic growth was moderate at 8.8 per cent. For the full year till January however this is the highest in world with 17.8 per cent growth in traffic.
    The industry capacity, measured in available seat kilometres or ASKMs, reported 20.6 per cent YoY growth during the first 10 months of the year. Except Air Costa and Air Pegasus (which halted operations since August 2016), all the airlines reported capacity growth during the year.
    Indigo continued to enjoy the leadership position with a market share of 40.1 per cent in the first 10 month fiscal 2017. This is the fifth year of market leadership for the airline as well as the first airline to achieve 40 per cent market share in the past eight years.
    While Jet Airways and Air India continue to concede market shares, the new players Vistara and AirAsia, have reported gradual expansion in their market shares to 2.7 per cent and 2.5 per cent respectively, during the first 10 months of the year.

    Mumbai gets its first floating hotel
    • Dining is no longer going to be conventional, as the megapolis got its first floating hotel AB Celestial - where one can enjoy a relaxing evening in the backdrop of the iconic Bandra -Worli sea link.
      This new theme hotel is docked at the Maharashtra Maritime Boards jetty at Bandra under the Bandra-Worli Sea link, Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) said in a release.
      This luxury floating hotel was inaugurated by Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis yesterday.
      The concept is conceived by WB International Consultants (the founder of AB Celestial) in association with MTDC and Maharashtra Maritime Board.
      The AB Celestial is designed and imported from the US, having three-tier luxury dining floatel with a sky deck, two galleys and a capacity to accommodate a minimum of 660 guests across four tiers, it said.
      The floatel, mainly targeted at affluent and foreign tourists, also houses two multi-cuisine restaurants including a club lounge equipped with a 24-hour coffee shop.
      Earlier, the floatel was launched in 2014, by then state tourism minister Chhagan Bhujbal, but could not open to public due to issues over permissions.
      Currently in India, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry have floating hotels. Globally cities like New York, Dubai, Hong Kong, Saigon in Vietnam have floating restaurants.

      Expect India to be 3rd-biggest car market by 2020: Suzuki
      • Suzuki Motor Corporation (SMC) expects India to grow into the third-biggest car market in the world by 2020 and is "determined" to play a big part in that growth.
        The company, whose arm Maruti Suzuki India commands nearly 50 per cent of the passenger vehicle market in the country, has already started operations at its new plant in Gujarat as part of the plan to raise its total production to 2 million units by 2020.
        "India is expected to grow into the third-biggest car market in the world by 2020 and we are determined to play a big part in that growth," said Kinji Saito, Executive General Manager and Managing Officer (Global Automotive Operations), Suzuki Motor Corporation, at the Geneva Motor Show here.
        He said that in India, Suzuki has been the market leader for decades, with nearly 50 per cent share.
        The company plans to introduce more new products in India even as it gears up to meet additional demand by increasing its production capacity.
        "In fact, we started operations at a new plant last month on the way to increasing our total capacity in India to two million units," Saito added.
        The Gujarat plant is envisaged to have an installed capacity of 7.5 lakh units annually. MSI's two units at Gurugram, earlier known as Gurgaon, and Manesar have a total production capacity of 1.5 million units annually.
        Maruti Suzuki India (MSI) is accelerating product introductions with an eye to strengthen its hold in the Indian market. As part of its 2020 target, the company had earlier said it would bring in 15 models by then.
        In the next fiscal, MSI plans to introduce four new products. It has has been bringing about two new products each year in the past couple of years.
        The company will launch the all-new third generation Swift, which was unveiled here, in India in the spring of 2018. It is also gearing up for the upgraded version of its premium crossover S-Cross later this year.
        In April to February this fiscal, MSI has sold around 13 lakh units.

      General Awareness

      Indian Constitution Part – I

      Indian Constitution : Articles and Parts

      • Indian Constitution when adopted by Constituent Assembly in 1949 had 395 articles and 22 parts.Additional articles and parts are inserted through various amendments. As of now Indian constitution contains  448 articles in 25 parts.There are 12 schedules in the Indian constitution.
        The Constitution of India begins with a Preamble which specifies the feature of the Indian State and the objectives it is committed to secure.The constitution of India is the largest written constitution.Indian constitution makes the government system work.


      • PartSubjectArticles
        Part IThe union & Its TerritoryArticle 1 – 4
        Part IICitizenshipArticle 5 – 11
        Part IIIFundamental RightsArticle 12 – 35
        Part IVDirective PrinciplesArticle 36 – 51
        Part IVAFundamental DutiesArticle 51A
        Part VThe UnionArticle 52 – 151
        Part VIThe StatesArticle 152 – 237
        Part VIIThe States In Part B of the First ScheduleRepealed By Constitution (7th Amendment) Act .1956
        Part VIIIThe Union TerritoriesArticle 239 – 242
        Part IXThe PanchayatsArticle 243 – 243O
        Part IXAThe MunicipalitiesArticle 243 P – 243ZG
        Part XThe Scheduled and Tribal AreasArticle 244 – 244A
        Part XIRelations between the Union And The StatesArticle 245 – 263
        Part XIIFinance,Property,Contracts and SuitsArticle 264 – 300A
        Part XIIITrade , Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory Of IndiaArticle 301 – 307
        Part XIVService Under the Union and the StatesArticle 308 – 323
        Part XIVATribunalsArticle 323A –  323B
        Part XVElectionsArticle 324 – 329(329A -Repealed)
        Part XVISpecial Provisions Relating to Certain ClassesArticle 330 – 342
        Part XVIIOfficial LanguageArticle 343 – 351
        Part XVIIIEmergency provisionsArticle 352-360(359A-Repealed)
        Part XIXMiscellaneousArticle 361 – 367 (362-Repealed)
        Part XXAmendment of the ConstitutionArticle 368
        Part XXITemporary Transitional and Special ProvisionsArticle 369 – 392(379-391 Repealed)
        Part XXIIShort Title,Commencement,Authoritative Text in Hindi and RepealsArticle 393 – 395


      Part I : The union & Its Territory ( Article 1- 4 )

      • ArticleImportance
        1Name and territory of the Union
        2Admission or establishment of new States
        3Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States
        4Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters

       Part II :Citizenship  ( Article 5 – 11)

      • ArticleImportance
        5Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution
        6Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan
        7Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan.
        8Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside India
        9Persons voluntarily acquiring citizenship of a foreign State not to be citizens.
        10Continuance of the rights of citizenship.
        11Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.

      Part III : Fundamental Rights  ( Article 12 – 35 )

      • ArticleImportance
        13Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights
        Right to Equality
        14Equality before law.
        15Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
        16Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
        17Abolition of Untouchability
        18Abolition of titles
        Right to Freedom
        19Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.
        20Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
        21Protection of life and personal liberty.
        21 ARight to education
        22Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases
        Right against Exploitation
        23Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
        24Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc
        Right to Freedom of Religion
        25Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
        26Freedom to manage religious affairs
        27Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
        28Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions.
        Cultural and Educational Rights
        29Protection of interests of minorities.
        30Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions
        Saving of Certain Laws
        31ASaving of Laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc.
        31BValidation of certain Acts and Regulations
        31CSaving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles
        Right to Constitutional Remedies
        32Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part
        33Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their application to Forces, etc
        34Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area
        35Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part.

      Part IV : Directive Principles  ( Article 36-51 )

      • ArticleImportance
        37Application of the principles contained in this Part.
        38State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people
        39Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State.
        39AEqual justice and free legal aid
        40Organisation of village panchayats
        41Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases
        42Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.
        43Living wage, etc., for workers.
        43AParticipation of workers in management of industries.
        44Uniform civil code for the citizens.
        45Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
        46Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections
        47Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health
        48Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry.
        48AProtection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife.
        49Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.
        50Separation of judiciary from executive
        51Promotion of international peace and security.

      Part IVA  : Fundamental Duties (Article  51A )

      • ArticleImportance
        51AFundamental duties

      Part V : The Union (Article 52 -151)

      • ArticleImportance

                                                     Chapter : I   The Executive

      • The President and Vice-President
        52The President of India
        53Executive power of the Union.
        54Election of President.
        55Manner of election of President
        56Term of office of President.
        57Eligibility for re-election.
        58Qualifications for election as President.
        59Conditions of President’s office.
        60Oath or affirmation by the President.
        61Procedure for impeachment of the President.
        62Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy
        63The Vice-President of India
        64The Vice-President to be ex officio Chairman of the Council of States.
        65The Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence, of President
        66Election of Vice-President
        67Term of office of Vice-President
        68Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice-President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy
        69Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President
        70Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies
        71Matters relating to, or connected with, the election of a President or Vice-President.
        72Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.
        73Extent of executive power of the Union.
        Council of Ministers
        74Council of Ministers to aid and advise President.
        75Other provisions as to Ministers.
        The Attorney-General for India
        76Attorney-General for India.
        Conduct of Government Business
        77Conduct of business of the Government of India.
        78Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc

                                               Chapter II : Parliament

      • General
        79Constitution of Parliament
        80Composition of the Council of States
        81Composition of the House of the People.
        82Readjustment after each census
        83Duration of Houses of Parliament.
        84Qualification for membership of Parliament.
        85Sessions of Parliament, prorogation and dissolution.
        86Right of President to address and send messages to Houses
        87Special address by the President
        88Rights of Ministers and Attorney-General as respects Houses
        Officers of Parliament
        89The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States.
        90Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the office of Deputy Chairman.
        91Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman.
        92The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration
        93The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People
        94Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker.
        95Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Speaker
        96The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.
        97Salaries and allowances of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman and the Speaker and Deputy Speaker
        98Secretariat of Parliament
        Conduct of Business
        99Oath or affirmation by members
        100Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum.
        Disqualifications of Members
        101Vacation of seats.
        102Disqualifications for membership.
        103Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members.
        104Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under article 99 or when not qualified or when disqualified.
        Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Members
        105Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Parliament and of the members and committees thereof.
        106.Salaries and allowances of members
        Legislative Procedure
        107Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills.
        108Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases.
        109Special procedure in respect of Money Bills.
        110Definition of “Money Bills”
        111Assent to Bills.
        Procedure in Financial Matters
        112Annual financial statement.
        113Procedure in Parliament with respect to estimates.
        114Appropriation Bills.
        115Supplementary, additional or excess grants.
        116Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants.
        117Special provisions as to financial Bills.
        Procedure Generally
        118Rules of procedure
        119Regulation by law of procedure in Parliament in relation to financial business.
        120Language to be used in Parliament.
        121Restriction on discussion in Parliament.
        122Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament.

      Chapter III : Legislative Powers Of The President

      • 123Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament.

                                             Chapter IV : The Union Judiciary

      • 124Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court.
        125Salaries, etc., of Judges
        126Appointment of acting Chief Justice.
        127Appointment of ad hoc judges.
        128Attendance of retired Judges at sittings of the Supreme Court.
        129.Supreme Court to be a court of record
        130Seat of Supreme Court
        131Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
        132Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in certain cases
        133.Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in regard to Civil matters
        134Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters
        134ACertificate for appeal to the Supreme Court.
        135Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court.
        136Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court.
        137Review of judgments or orders by the Supreme Court.
        138Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
        139Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs.
        139ATransfer of certain cases.
        140Ancillary powers of Supreme Court.
        141Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts.
        142Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to discovery, etc.
        143Power of President to consult Supreme Court.
        144Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court.
        145Rules of Court, etc.
        146Officers and servants and the expenses of the Supreme Court.

                     Chapter V : Comptroller  And Auditor-General Of India

      • 148Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
        149Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General
        150Form of accounts of the Union and of the States
        151Audit reports.

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