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Current Affairs - 21 January 2017

General Affairs 

Demonetisation: ED files case against senior railway official under PMLA
  • While the banks and post-offices were being closely monitored by the agencies after demonetisation, a case against a senior railway official in the post-note ban phase has come as a surprise.
    The Enforcement Directorate is gearing up to question the railway official posted in Mumbai on the charges of money laundering.
    1. In terms of value, this case may be a small one for the Enforcement Directorate (ED), but the agency considers it a crucial breakthrough giving an idea how railway officials were involved in illegal conversion of money after demonetisation.
    2. The Mumbai wing of ED has registered an enforcement case information report (ECIR) against senior railway official K L Bhoyar for allegedly exchanging demonetised currency notes with new ones.
    3. Bhoyar was posted as the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus of the Central Railway as assistant commercial manager.
    4. In December 2016, was first to expose the role of Bhoyar in the illegal conversion of demonetised money.
    5. Later, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) registered a case against Bhoyar in mid-December for offences punishable under relevant sections of the Prevention of Corruption Act.
    6. After an internal complaint, the CBI registered a case against Bhoyar and searches were conducted.
    7. The agencies recovered cash of Rs 2.2 lakh in Rs 100 denominations, fixed deposits worth Rs 30 lakh and other property documents from Bhoyar.
    8. According to the CBI, Bhoyar allegedly exchanged the demonetised currency notes worth Rs 8.22 lakh with new currency notes of Rs 2,000 and legal tender of Rs 100 denomination at the booking counters at CST, Kalyan and Thane.
    9. On the basis of the findings of the CBI, which has shared the probe details with the ED, the agency is preparing to issue summons to Bhoyar and record his statement.
    10. This is perhaps the first instance, when a case has been registered by the Enforcement Directorate against a railway employee on the charges of money laundering to take advantage of post-demonetisation situation.

    Jallikattu: Ordinance in the works, shutdown in Tamil Nadu
    • Tamil Nadu and the Centre today worked feverishly to bring out an ordinance for ensuring Jallikattu soon as a general strike brought the state to a standstill and tens of thousands of protesters on Marina beach and elsewhere refused to relent until the sport is held.
      The state continued to be on the edge on the fifth day of the protest by students, youths and other sections demanding immediate staging of the traditional bull-taming sport in Alanganallur, epicentre of the of Jallikattu, and other places.
      They said they welcome the efforts to promulgate an ordinance for allowing the sport but they would not withdraw the agitation until the event is held.
      Tamil Nadu Chief Minister O Panneerselvam, who stayed back in the national capital yesterday after his meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, announced in the morning that the state government would issue an ordinance in a day or two to allow Jallikattu.
      A draft of the ordinance has already been given to the Union Home Ministry for getting Presidents consent after which the Governor would issue it.
      "After getting the assent of President Pranab Mukherjee tomorrow, an ordinance will be promulgated by our Governor to amend the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act," he said on his arrival in Chennai. He said legal steps would be taken to remove "all obstacles" in the way of holding the sport.
      Home Minister Rajnath Singh, on whom a large delegation of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)  MPs called, Environment Minister Anil Dave and Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad gave assurances of early steps by the Centre to resolve the issue soon.
      Parallely, Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi told the Supreme Court that the Centre was in talks with Tamil Nadu to find a way out in the matter after which the court agreed not to pass judgement for a week on the Jallikattu issue.
      With the Centre drawing flak, BJP sought to project that its government was actively engaged in resolving the issue.
      The Law Minister said he has held discussions with BJP president Amit Shah on the issue, while Union Minister Pon Radhakrishnan and Tamil Nadu BJP chief Tamilisai Soundarajan flanked Dave when he met the media.
      Though political parties have been kept away from the youth uprising, main opposition party DMK staged state-wide rail roko agitation, with its Working President MK Stalin leading the protests by squatting on tracks in Mambalam. Stalin and Kanimozhi besides many DMK workers were arrested.
      Stalin has also announced that he will observe a day long fast tomorrow.
      The call for general strike by various trade unions including those affiliated to DMK and the Left parties besides section of traders bodies led to a shutdown with shops and business establishments downing shutters and schools and colleges remaining closed across the state.
      The Tamil film industry expressed solidarity with Jallikattu supporters, with top actors and actresses joining a silent protest. Film shootings were suspended for the day. Superstar Rajinikanth, actors Ajit Kumar, Surya, Siva Karthikeyan besides actress Trisha, who had faced flak from the pro-Jallikattu groups for her perceived opposition to the sport by reportedly being associated with PETA, joined the silent protest. Autos and call taxis kept off the roads even as few government buses plied on the roads.
      Banking operations took a hit with workers taking part in protests. Employees of various IT companies held placards and banners with slogans against NGO People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). Many inter and intra-state trains were fully and partially cancelled while some others were diverted.
      The suburban EMU services ran late. In Chennai, all roads led to Marina beach with men and women, clad in black, besides children joining the protest that has transcended political and other differences.

    NIA to probe Ghorasahan "ISI" terror plot
    • Two days after Bihar Police arrested three persons who claimed to have planted explosives at rail track at Ghorasahan in East Champaran district of Bihar, NIA has written to MHA seeking transfer of the alleged terror plot case.
      A two-membered team which has already been dispatched by the agency is expected to return to Delhi late in the evening with their initial assessment.
      An IED was discovered from the rail track and defused on October 1, 2016. One of the three suspects is also claimed to have travelled to Kanpur at the behest of ISI to cause derailment which claimed 150 lives. On 20 November 2016, the Indore-Patna Express 19321, a scheduled train from Indore to Patna, had derailed near Pukhrayan.
      Interrogation of three arrested men - Moti Paswan, Uma Shankar Patel and Mukesh Yadav - led to shocking claims of "ISI" orchestrating the accident. Though sources in MHA said they were keen to have both Pukhrayan and Ghorasahan cases, the NIA will only probe the latter. They said they will further probe possible links to the Kanpur accident.
      ISI's role came into suspect after three men were arrested for murder of two youth Arun and Deepak Ram on October 1 by handler Brajkishore Giri because they had failed to trigger bombs on railway tracks in Champaran near the Nepal border. The trio in Bihar police custody spilled beans about how they were paid Rs 3 lakh to plant explosives at Ghorasahan.
      Police stumbled on the racket while investigating the murder of two Raxaul residents in Nepal. Three people arrested in Nepal - Brijkishore Giri, Muzahid Ansari and Shambhu - and two other men were active in this group. Giri, the kingpin, had paid money to the trio arrested by Bihar Police to carry out blasts on rail tracks near Ghorasahan.
      Another name Shamsul Hoda, who stays in Delhi, is emerging as one of the main suspects but continues to be at large. Delhi police has apprehended two youths in the case.

    Revealed: How PM Modi became the most followed leader in the world
    • Today, as Barack Obama leaves office & Donald Trump becomes the US President, Narendra Modi becomes the most followed leader of state in the world. Narendra Modi has the highest no of followers among all leaders of state on Facebook, Twitter, Youtube and Google+. This is an event, which was unimaginable 5 years back. But, like many other spheres India and an Indian has managed to achieve this feat as well. Narendra Modi's penchant for using technology and modern tools of communication is well-known. But what is not known well enough is how he uses technology in Governance, to reach out and stay connected to citizens, especially the youth.

      Followers on PM Modi's social media platform
      26.5 million
      39.2 million
      3.2 million
      1.99 million
      5.8 million
      5.91 lakhs
      What sets Narendra Modi apart from other leaders is his keen understanding and openness to using technology. Now India has embraced use of technology in delivery of public services and subsidies are transferred directly to bank accounts. So far, Rs 1.5 lakh crore has been directly sent to about 32 crore beneficiaries.
      The poor of India have been empowered to send and receive payments without the use of even mobile phones. These are just a couple of the many technology interventions PM Modi has championed.
      Narendra Modi's pioneering use of social media is a subject for many future case studies. He has not only changed the communication approach for Governments and Leaders, but also heralded an era where leaders are reaching out directly to people. His crisp 140 character tweets help people get direct information, while separating the wheat from the chaff.
      He has also led many innovative campaigns like #Sandesh2Soldiers, #MyCleanIndia, #IncredibleIndia, #SelfieWithDaughter, etc which have won hearts nationally and internationally. His Mobile App, which has close to 10 million downloads, is also the most widely used app for a political figure. The app consists of gamification features where people can contribute in many ways and earn points.
      PM regularly invites suggestions for various issues through his App and the top contributors in the App get to meet PM Modi.
      In previous Governments, where correspondence of PM & PMO with citizens happened primarily through emails, thousands of mails often piled up and there was no tracking or ticketing mechanism either. Now, there is a dedicated grievance redressal section in PMO's website and grievances can be ticketed for various departments and tracked.
      There are numerous examples of corrective action being taken after people have written to PM Modi. PM Modi himself personally keeps a tab on grievance redressal and systemic issues are taken up by him personally in every month's PRAGATI session. PM interacts with chief secretaries of states and senior officials of Centre Govt through technology in the PRAGATI session to find a solution to various issues.
      People can also contribute with ideas and suggestions on policies and other issues on The portal currently has close to 4 million members and is a global model in citizen engagement.
      True to the 360 degree communication approach that PM Modi employs, PMO also does an outreach campaign through mailers via the SAMPARK platform. Weekly news of the Govt's initiatives are sent out to close to 1.7 crore subscribers.
      The database is also categorized in multiple ways, to target users according to their profession & area of interest. For eg bankers get financial information and teachers sent out mailers of educational initiatives.  People can register for these mails on the SAMPARK platform and also unsubscribe at any point of time.

    Uttar Pradesh Grand Alliance: Sticking points between Samajwadi Party, Congress over sharing of seats
    • Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister and Samajwadi Party chief Akhilesh Yadav released list of candidates for 191 Assembly seats which will go to polls in the first three phases of seven-phase election in the state starting February 11. Akhilesh's list has added to uncertainty over the fate of much talked about alliance between the ruling Samajwadi Party and Congress.
      Senior Samajwadi Party leader Kironmay Nanda said his party is ready to give 84-85 seats to the Congress, which is has reportedly made it clear that it will settle for nothing below 120-125 seats. In the list released by Akhilesh today, the Samajwadi Party has fielded candidates from seats which have Congress's sitting MLAs. Talks between the two parties are also stuck over Amethi and Lucknow Cantt seats, insiders said.
      Akhilesh has added uncle Shivpal's name in his list fielding him from Jaswant Nagar,Etawah. Shivpal is reportedly unhappy over the seat being offered to him and spoke to party patriarch Mulayam Singh Yadav about it. The second list of candidates was released on Friday evening. Samajwadi Party has announced candidates for a total of 209 assembly segments in Uttar Pradesh.
      1. Shivpal Yadav given ticket from Jaswant Nagar, Etawah. Sources say he still not willing but Mulayam has spoken to him.
      2. Akhilesh's list has 39 Scheduled Caste and 50 Muslim candidates.
      3. Shivpal and Rajya Sabha MP Beni Prasad Verma's sons denied tickets, while Azam khan and Naresh Agarwal's sons name figure in the list.
      4. Rakesh Verma, son of Rajya Sabha member Beni Prasad Verma, whose name had figured in Shivpal's list, however, has been replaced by Akhilesh loyalist Arvind Singh Gope, Minister and sitting MLA from Ramnagar seat (Barabanki).
      5. Azam Khan will contest from his traditional Rampur seat while his son Abdullah Azam has been given ticket from Swar seat (Rampur district).
      6. The highlight of the list is inclusion of names of several Akhilesh loyalists who were left out in an earlier list of candidates that his father Mulayam Singh Yadav had released last month.
      7. Samajwadi Party has kept all eight NCR seats, including Noida and Ghaziabad, for itself. Congress wanted to field its own candidates from Sahibabad (Ghaziabad) and Noida.
      8. Senior SP leader Beni Prasad Verma`s son Rakesh Verma has been given ticket Kausarganj seat in Bharaich district of Uttar Pradesh. With this, all three sons of Beni Prasad have secured tickets to contest assembly polls- the other two are Naresh and Abdullah.
      9. Shivpal Yadav`s son Aditya Yadav couldn’t make it to the second list.
      10. Akhilesh Loyalist Pawan Pandey got nomination from Faizabad seat. He was accused of thrashed Ashu Malik in the Chief Minister’s house after the stage push over drama during the 25th anniversary of the Samajwadi Party. He was expelled by the then UP SP chief Shivpal Yadav from party. Akhilesh Yadav retained him as a minister in his cabinet.
      11. Tainted leader Abhay Singh has got ticket from Gosaiganj constituency in Faizabad while Anand Sen has been fielded from Bikapur in Faizabad.
      12. The second list of 18 Samajwadi Party candidates, six are Muslims and two are from Scheduled Caste category.
      13. Now, the Samajwadi Party has announced candidates for a total of 209 assembly segments in Uttar Pradesh. Till now, the party has fielded 56 Muslims, 41 SC and 22 Yadav candidates.
      14. In percentage terms, Muslims have got 26.5 per cent nominations, SC 19.6 per cent while with 10.52 per cent share Yadavs are at third position.

    Business Affairs 

      Japan threatens India with WTO on steel as Trump era heralds rising trade tensions
      • Japan is threatening to take India to the WTO over restrictions that nearly halved its steel exports to the South Asian nation over the past year, a step that could trigger more trade spats as global tensions over steel and other commodities run high.
        Such action is rare for Japan. The world's second-biggest steel producer typically tries to smooth disputes quietly through bilateral talks, but with global trade friction increasing, Japan's defense of an industry that sells nearly half of its products overseas is getting more vigorous.
        Besides concern over India's protection of its domestic steel industry, Japan is also worried about the more rough and tumble climate for global trade being engendered by incoming U.S. President Donald Trump, and feels it must make a strong stand for open and fair international markets.
        "We need to stop unfair trade actions from spreading," said a Japanese industry ministry official, explaining a Dec. 20 request for WTO dispute consultations with India over steel safeguard duties and a minimum import price for iron and steel products.
        India imposed duties of up to 20 percent on some hot-rolled flat steel products in September 2015, and set a floor price in February 2016 for steel product imports to deter countries such as China, Japan and South Korea from undercutting local mills.
        "If consultations fail to resolve the dispute, we may ask adjudication by a WTO panel," the industry ministry official said. Such action could come as soon as 60 days - in February - after its consultation request was filed in December.
        okyo says India's actions are inconsistent with WTO rules and contributed to the plunge in its steel exports to India, which dropped to 11th-largest on Japan's buyer list in 2016 through November, down from sixth-largest in 2015.
        "We are following the WTO guidelines," said a top official at India's steel ministry, though adding that New Delhi is ready to sit across the table for trade talks.
        As of Friday, the date of a WTO-led consultation had not been set.


        There has been a series of trade disputes over the past few years amid massive exports of cheap steel products from China, the world's top producer, with Vietnam, Malaysia and South Africa taking or planning measures to block incoming shipments.
        China's steel exports dropped by 3.5 percent in 2016 to 108 million tonnes, still about as much as Japan produces in a year.
        Japan is also monitoring its small volume of imports for signs of dumping, fearing that steel products with nowhere to turn because of import restrictions may head to it own market.
        "All trade need to be fair. If there are trades that violate the rules, we will take necessary actions while consulting with our government," Kosei Shindo, chairman of the Japan Iron and Steel Federation, told a news conference on Friday.
        But in an environment where a new U.S. president is threatening to tear up trade treaties and impose import duties in the world's biggest economy, Tokyo may be at risk of helping to set off a trade war it is trying to avoid.
        "We may see a battle of trade litigations especially after Trump takes the helm in the U.S.," said Kazuhito Yamashita, research director at Canon Institute for Global Studies. 

        Govt pressed ahead with banknote ban despite RBI concerns
        • India pushed ahead with its decision to scrap banknotes even as the Reserve Bank of India's (RBI) own board expressed concern whether the cash could be replaced quickly enough, the central bank has said in written testimony to parliament.
          The revelation comes amid growing criticism about whether the central bank and the government had sufficiently assessed the potential fallout from the Nov. 8 ban of about 86 percent of the cash then in circulation.
          Prime Minister Narendra Modi's shock move caused a severe cash shortage that brought large parts of the economy to a virtual standstill, as the central bank struggled to print new 500-rupee and 2,000-rupee notes to replace the old currency.
          A copy of the private testimony to a parliament panel, seen by Reuters, showed the central bank had also warned the government of "possible inconvenience to the public for some time," among the potential consequences of the massive exercise.
          Despite its own doubts, the testimony showed, the RBI board approved the plan to ban 500-rupee and 1,000-rupee notes, as it believed the move would rein in counterfeiting and reliance on cash, and pull unaccounted cash into the financial system.
          "It might not immediately be possible to replace these notes fully in terms of both value and volume," the board felt at a meeting ahead of Modi's Nov. 8 announcement, according to the central bank submission.
          But the RBI's board ultimately believed that "corrective" action could be taken and decided to recommend the move, the document showed. The RBI also believed the impact of such an exercise would be "transitory", given its efforts to quickly replace the old notes, it said in the testimony.
          The RBI's endorsement of the government action has drawn strong criticism from several former policymakers, including former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, the architect of India's 1991 financial reforms and a former central bank governor.
          The document also notes the proposal to ban the cash had come from the government, in a letter a day before the announcement that advised the RBI to "immediately" put the plan before its board for approval.
          Under India's RBI Act, such a move was necessary.
          The central bank did not immediately respond to Reuters' request for comments on its submission to parliament.

          "PAINFUL" FOR RBI
          Since Modi declared the ban, the central bank has been forced to announce a barrage of measures to soften the impact, including several high-profile reversals, undermining confidence in it.
          In a letter to RBI Governor Urjit Patel, unions of central bank employees called such criticism "painful", and accused the government of steering decisions behind the replacement of the banned notes, saying that "blatantly encroaches" on the central bank's jurisdiction.
          The government, however, has denied it was taking the decisions during the implementation, saying that it was merely cooperating with the RBI and reiterating that it fully respected the autonomy of the central bank.
          Power and Coal Minister Piyush Goyal said such cooperation was necessary, since it involved an unprecedented "exercise" and that the flurry of action showed India's flexibility in taking the necessary measures.
          "They never had got an experience of this kind of a war-type situation," Goyal said, referring to the RBI. "So, every organization which is doing this is doing it for the first time. You will learn as you go along."
          Previous banknote bans have not had such a dramatic impact as they removed only a small fraction of cash from circulation.

        Sensex reverses course, sinks 274 pts; banks take a hit
        • Turned off by a set of poor quarterly numbers, the market on Friday developed cold feet as the Sensex failed to stick with its two-day winning momentum and dropped over 274 points to end at 27,035-a nearly two-week low-as investors braced for Donald Trump's presidency.
          Ditto with the broader NSE Nifty, which cracked below the key 8,400-mark. Banking stocks felt the pinch, and global leads failed to pick up either. After a lower start, the Sensex stayed in the negative space throughout and closed down 274.10 points, or 1 per cent, at 27,034.50, a level last seen on January 10.
          Intra-day, it hovered between 27,264.41 and 27,009.81. The index gained 72.94 points in the last two sessions. The Nifty too ended lower by 85.75 points, or 1.02 per cent, at 8,349.35 after shuttling between 8,423.65 and 8,340.95. On a weekly basis, both key indices recorded fall of 203.56 points, or 0.74 per cent, and 51 points, or 0.60 per cent, respectively.
          Much of the losses in banking came from private lender Axis Bank, which plunged 6.86 per cent after it reported a sharp 73 per cent decline in net profit at Rs 580 crore for the December quarter on Thursday.
          ICICI Bank too faced selling pressure and lost 2.34 per cent to end at Rs 263.40 while state-run SBI fell 2.83 per cent. The caution overshadowed better-than-expected China's fourth quarter GDP growth and Fed chair Janet Yellen taking a less hawkish stance on rate hike. Losses in Adani Ports, Tata Steel, NTPC, L&T, ONGC, Hero MotoCorp and M&M, among others, too kept the Sensex on edge.
          But Bharti Airtel, Asian Paints, ITC, Bajaj Auto and HDFC Bank ended higher by up to 1.31 per cent, which capped the fall.
          In Asia, Hong Kong's Hang Seng slipped 0.71 per cent while Shanghai Composite rose 0.70 per cent and Japan's Nikkei 0.34 per cent. Europe remained weak, with London's FTSE falling 0.01 per cent, Frankfurt 0.09 per cent and Paris CAC 40 0.1 per cent.
          Foreign portfolio investors remained net sellers as they sold shares worth Rs 132.26 crore on Thursday, provisional data showed.
          Sector-wise, metal suffered the most by losing 2.37 per cent, followed by infra (2.04 per cent), PSU (1.97 per cent), power (1.97 per cent), realty (1.94 per cent), consumer durables (1.84 per cent) and bank (1.77 per cent).
          Selling pressure extended to broader markets which pushed the BSE mid-cap index down by 1.54 per cent and small-cap by 1.27 per cent. In the 30-share Sensex pack, 24 lost and 6 ended higher. 

          Supreme Court to hear plea seeking to defer annual budget on Feb 1
          • The Supreme Court said on Friday it would hear a plea at the start of next week that seeks to postpone the government's annual budget, due to be delivered on Feb. 1, until after five forthcoming state elections are held.
            The Public Interest Litigation (PIL) calls for the delay over concerns that Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government could seek to influence the outcome of the polls with populist spending promises.
            Election rules in the world's largest democracy do not allow governments to offer such giveaways. Modi's government announced last autumn that it would deliver its budget a month earlier than usual, in a move to pre-empt the polls.
            PM Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party needs in particular to do well in Uttar Pradesh, a battleground state with a population of more than 200 million that, were it a country, would be holding the biggest election in the world this year.
            "The budget should be presented in April. The government should not release it in February, as the state elections are starting soon," said lawyer M.L. Sharma, who filed the deferment plea earlier this month.
            Sharma said the central government should be restrained from declaring any relief for the poll-bound states in the budget until voting is over, as they would violate the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) that governs India's elections.
            Uttar Pradesh will vote in seven phases starting on Feb. 11 with Modi's party, which swept the state in the 2014 general election, seeking to oust the ruling Samajwadi Party in a contest vital to his chances of winning a second term in 2019.
            The election round will kick off in Punjab and Goa on Feb. 4, followed by Uttarakhand and Manipur. Results in all five elections will be announced in mid-March.
            A Supreme Court bench, headed by Chief Justice J.S. Khehar, will begin hearing the case on Monday, but it is not clear how quickly it will deliver a ruling. The finance ministry started printing the budget documents on Thursday.

          Govt starts development work on 106 National Waterways
          • Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has begun the preparatory works on 106 additional National Waterways (NWs). In phase I, eight waterways are being considered for development, a press release said. Such waterways will cover states such as Bihar (NW-37, Gandak & NW-58 , Kosi), Uttar Pradesh (NW-40 Ghaghra), Goa (NW-68, Mandovi, NW-111, Zuari and NW-27, Cumberjua Canal), West Bengal (NW-97, Sunderban), and Assam (NW-16, Barak).
            While the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for these waterways are ready, the tender process for fairway development of two NWs namely NW-16 and NW-40 i.e. river Barak in Assam and Ghaghra in Uttar Pradesh respectively have been initiated.
            For Goa waterways, the tenders for construction of jetties would be taken up shortly. For another 46 waterways, which are in coastal and tidal regions, two stage DPR studies have been initiated. These reports are in the final stage of preparation.
            Based on the recommendations, further development works would be under taken. Of the remaining 52 waterways, which are in remote, inaccessible and hilly regions, only feasibility studies have been ordered.
            Field surveys in 44 NWs have been completed and are in progress in another four. Draft feasibility report of 36 NWs have been received and are under evaluation. The need for developing additional National Waterway is essential as only 0.6 per cent of country's freight is transported through the inland waterway despite vast network of rivers across its geographical corner that form about 20,000 Km of navigable route.
            Transportation through inland waterways comes with inherent advantage of being cost effective and environment friendly. To tap the possibilities of this mode of transportation the government had in April last year declared 106 new waterways.

          General Awareness

          List of Tiger Reserves in India

            1. In India there are 48 tiger reserves,which are governed by Project Tiger and which is administered by National Tiger Conservation Authority.Tiger is India’s national Animal.
              List of Tiger Reserves are given below
              Name of the StateName of the Tiger Reserve
              AssamKaziranga Tiger Reserve
              Manas Tiger Reserve
              Nameri Tiger Reserve
              Orang Tiger Reserve
              Arunachal PradeshNamdapha Tiger Reserve
              Pakhui Tiger Reserve
              Andhra PradeshNagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve
              BiharValmiki National Park
              ChhattisgarhAchanakmar Tiger Reserve
              Indravati Tiger Reserves
              Udanti & Sitanadi Tiger Reserve
              JharkhandPalamau Tiger Reserve
              KarnatakaBandipur Tiger Reserve
              Nagarhole Tiger Reserve
              Bhadra Tiger Reserve
              Anshi Dandeli Tiger Reserve
              KeralaPeriyar Tiger Reserve
              Parambikulam Tiger Reserve
              Madhya PradeshBandhavgarh Tiger Reserve
              Satpura Tiger Reserve
              Kanha Tiger Reserve
              Panna Tiger Reserve
              Pench Tiger Reserve
              Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve
              MaharashtraMelghat Tiger Reserve
              Pench Tiger Reserve
              Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project
              Sahyadri Tiger reserve
              Nagzira-Navegaon Tiger Reserve
              Bor Tiger Reserve
              MizoramDampa Tiger Reserve
              OdishaSatkosia Tiger Reserve
              Simlipal Tiger Reserve
              RajasthanMukundara Hills Tiger Reserve
              Ranthambore Tiger Reserve
              Sariska Tiger Reserve
              Tamil NaduAnamalai Tiger Reserve
              Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
              Mudumalai Tiger Reserve
              Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve
              TelanganaKawal Tiger Reserve
              Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve
              Uttar PradeshDudhwa Tiger Reserve
              Pilibhit Tiger Reserve
              UttarakhandJim Corbett Tiger Reserve
              Rajaji National Park
              West BengalBuxa Tiger Reserve
              Sunderbans Tiger Reserve

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